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Romania (Romanian: România) is a country located in South-East Central Europe, North of the Balkan Penninsula, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea. Almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its territory. It shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova to the northeast, and Bulgaria to the south.

Northernmost point: Horodiştea, a village in Botoşani County, on the border with Ukraine, 48°15′N, 26°42′E
Southernmost point: Zimnicea, a town in Teleorman County, on the border with Bulgaria, 43°37′N, 25°23′E
Westernmost point: Beba Veche, a village in Timiş County, on the border with Hungary and Serbia, 46°07′N, 20°15′E
Easternmost point: Sulina, a town in Tulcea County, on the Danube Delta, 45°09′N, 29°41′E

Area: total: 238,391 km²
231,231 km²
7,160 km²

Land boundaries: total: 3,149.9 km
border countries: Bulgaria 631 km, Hungary 448 km, Moldova 681 km, Serbia 546 km, Ukraine (north and east) 649 km.
coastline: 193.5 km

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Moldoveanu Peak 2,544 m