Bartók Béla (Béla Viktor János Bartók, March 25, 1881 – September 26, 1945) was a Hungarian composer and pianist. He is considered to be one of the greatest composers of the 20th century and is regarded, along with Liszt, as Hungary's greatest composer. He was born in the small Banatian town of Nagyszentmiklós in Austria-Hungary (now Sânnicolau Mare, Romania). Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of ethnomusicology. He is linked to the Romanian culture through his studies on Romanian folk music, collected first in the Carpathian Basin (the then Kingdom of Hungary), then in Moldavia and Wallachia. His melodic and harmonic sense was profoundly influenced by the folk music of Hungary, Romania, and many other nations.
The architecture of the Black Sea coasts
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